Fasteners are a type of mechanical parts that are widely used for fastening and connection. Fasteners are used in a wide range of industries, including energy, electronics, electrical appliances, machinery, chemical industry, metallurgy, molds, hydraulics, and other industries. , Chemical industry, instruments and supplies, you can see all kinds of fasteners, is the most widely used mechanical basic parts. It is characterized by a wide variety of specifications, different performance and uses, and a high degree of standardization, serialization, and generalization. Therefore, some people refer to a class of fasteners that have existing national standards as standard fasteners, or simply standard parts.
In 2017, the sales volume of global industrial fasteners reached USD 82.9 billion. According to the US market research company Grand View Research (GVR) industrial fastener market report, the global industrial fastener market will reach US $ 104 billion by 2020. The demand for fasteners in the world is growing at an average 4-5%.
Analysis of China's fastener industry
(1) The industry concentration is not high, and the overall size of the enterprise is small
With the development of domestic private enterprises and joint ventures over the years, the number of fastener manufacturing enterprises in China has increased and decreased.According to the estimation of the China Fastener Industry Association, there are currently more than 7,000 fastener manufacturing enterprises in China. There are more than 2,000 enterprises above, but there are not many large-scale enterprises with a total industrial output value of more than 500 million yuan. The overall size of domestic fastener companies is relatively small, the industry concentration is not high, CR10 is less than 20%.
(2) Fierce competition in the low-end market and insufficient competition in the high-end market
Due to the long-term low-level repetitive construction, China's fastener industry currently exhibits structural imbalances, which are mainly manifested in the low-end market: the ordinary fastener market has saturated demand and excess production capacity, resulting in low-level repetitive construction. Homogeneous and vicious competition; while in the high-end market, such as the high-strength fastener market for the automotive, aerospace and other industries, due to the weak R & D capabilities of most domestic enterprises and the low level of process equipment, there are only a few domestic enterprises Engaged in this business, it has to rely heavily on imports for a long time.
Analysis of development direction
1. Quality, brand building should be improved
To strengthen quality management, we must proactively implement the standard and improve the standard. We must shift from the AQL quality standard to the PPM world level, strengthen the production process control, 5S site management, production online testing and SPC quality monitoring to further improve the quality level.
2. There must be new ideas in the construction of talent team
It is necessary to recognize the importance of human resources from a strategic perspective, pay attention to the cultivation and development of talents, and create a group of first-class enterprise core teams with core competitiveness.
3. "Intelligent, Internet +" must have new measures
"Internet +" has begun to change the fastener industry, but many companies have not felt obvious changes. However, when the changes are obvious, it is too late. Who can build a new ecology, who will be the boss of this industry.
In short, the impact of "Internet +" on traditional industries is universal, and the fastener industry is no exception; changes may not be obvious within a year or two, but in the long run, they often exceed our expectations. Therefore, fastener manufacturers need to strengthen the construction of corporate Internet and respond to the market as early as possible in order to seize the opportunity.
4. There must be a new height in industrial agglomeration
Reform and adjustment need to change the concept of efficiency, pay attention to production efficiency, and more attention to macro-efficiency, and industry resources should be optimized.
Do a good job in the construction of leading enterprises and increase the industrial concentration. It is necessary to use capital actions and adjustments and mergers and reorganizations to enlarge and strengthen the entire industry; expand foreign markets, take the initiative to take the path of international cooperation, and expand the development space of the entire industry; continue to strengthen the expansion of agglomeration areas and a number of professional production bases to enhance the entire industry Industrial concentration.
5. New adjustments in product structure adjustment
Relying on major projects such as automobiles, wind power, nuclear power, and high-speed rail large aircraft, new product development, new equipment, new materials and new tools and molds are developed.
The product structure adjustment should be implemented, focusing on the development of aerospace, car high-performance special-shaped fastener products, automotive engine special fasteners, high-speed rail matching fastener system, high-strength bolts supporting wind power generation, combination bolts and assemblies, stainless steel Fasteners, titanium aluminum alloy fasteners, carbon fiber fasteners, IT industry miniature screws, self-locking, chemical coating and various surface treatment fasteners, etc.
6. New breakthroughs should be made in the core technology and process of the industry
In addition to further consolidating and developing five national-level projects, increase investment in science and technology, and then add a batch of new projects: high-performance, high-strength special materials; processing and heat treatment technologies for new materials for tools and molds; intelligent multi-station cold forming equipment; heat treatment Special equipment; online detection technology and equipment.
7. New measures for green production
Learn environmental protection laws, strengthen cooperation with local environmental protection departments, master standards and treatment technologies, and focus on solving the discharge of pickling, electroplating wastewater, oil fume and industrial wastewater; gradually achieve clean, environmental protection, low-carbon green production, and industry and local associations should play a role Organizational coordination.